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Origami, Washi, Chiyogami, Kusudama, Kirigami

Origami is an art of Japanese origin consisting of folding paper to obtain figures of various shapes. Origami is defined as an art education in which people develop their artistic and intellectual expression.
For performing a traditional origami figure to use a single square sheet of paper, with a colored face and a white, allowed all necessary folds and prohibited the use of glue, tape and scissors.

The Washi is the paper used for origami, it is a fine type of paper made in Japan, using as raw material plants of the local flora.
Washi is generally more durable than paper produced from wood pulp and usually has a long lifetime. In the past it was also used to make everyday products such as clothing, lamps and toys. Despite its extreme lightness, offering exceptional physicochemical resilience that has no other role, and does not discolor or become brittle over time. Traditionally, making Washi was carried out by farmers as a seasonal job, planted kozo, mitsumata and gampi (plants used for making washi) along with their regular crops and fibers obtained necessary to make the paper as an activity complementary food agriculture.

WHAT IS THE ROLE chiyogami?
It washi paper that has been printed and hand-printed with traditional Japanese images with bright colors and designs. Appearing in the Edo period (Japan historic period spanning from 1600-1850 AD), paper type Washi Chiyogami was traditionally used to decorate and make paper objects, especially dolls. He won an enormous popularity among fans of origami, as it offers great visual presence.

Kusudama is another way to make origami paper using several modules (from two or three pieces, up to a hundred or more) that can be the most simple to the most complex depending on the number of parts to be composed. Originally they were used to hold incense and other scents. However, now is commonly used as decoration.

The Kirigami is the art and technique of drawing paper cut with scissors. It differs from the "cutouts" in the latter require a prior stroke kirigami however in the figures are cut straight with scissors, which makes it a very creative technique. The term derives from the Japanese words kiru, meaning cut, and gami, paper. Kirigami educational variant has been developed especially in South America and is used as technical and educational material. This would have created dynamic, games and educational applications paper cutout.

One of the advantages of practicing is the undoubted improvement of our fine motor coordination, and who is consistent with the practice, significantly improve manual dexterity, we can write, draw and color.
Another advantage is the development of gross motor coordination, which implies an improvement in the way we use our hands to manipulate objects or move with greater care and greater skill.
An increasingly common problem among children and adolescents is sparse Care which is only a difficulty of care to a class, or task. The Origami and Kirigami jobs require a high degree of concentration that demands a lot of attention, thereby educating the problem is reduced to just disappear.
They also favor self-esteem, and is thus performing the work will find that there are many ways to achieve a result, this influences their ability to solve problems, with their own ideas, being more secure in making their decisions.
While social interaction influences, many children have trouble socializing with peers, to be more confident is common for children to share their work with excitement, fear losing, and being more accessible to communicate.